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Knowledge and practice of adolescent girls about menstruation: A Cross-sectional study

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Abstract— Adolescence constitutes about 20 % of world’s population. Reproductive and sexual health problems are quite common in adolescent girls in India. Bad menstruation hygiene may lead to reproductive health problems. Unsafe menstrual practices expose them to risk thrice as much of contracting RTI, therefore it is important how adolescent girls maintain hygiene during menstruation. This study was conducted to assess knowledge and practices regarding menstruation in adolescent girls. Total 376 eligible adolescent girls were studied, out of that 337 (89.62%) knew about menstruation and out of them 45.10% considered that menstruation starts at puberty, followed by physiological process (34.42%) & sign of reproductive maturity (12.46%) while 39.76% respondents thought it to be due to out flow of dirty blood. Out of 337 who knew about menstrual-cycle, only13.64% knew the fact that conception is not possible during menstrual-cycle. 59.94% respondents had prior knowledge of menarche …

Risk factor and outcome with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM): A Cross-sectional Analysis

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Abstract—Gastational diabetes Mallitus (GDM) is a condition in pregnancy which may result bad maternal and neonatal outcomes. So this study was aimed to find out various risk factors associated with GDM. This study was conducted 500 females of 2nd and 3rd trimester pregnancy. They underwent GCT (Glucose Challenge Test) with 50 gm of glucose load which was followed by GTT (Glucose tolerance test) with 75 gm glucose recommended by WHO after 72 hrs of GCT irrespective of result of GCT. Out of 500 pregnant women 27(5.4%) women are diagnosed as GDM. In women with GDM gravida ≥3, age >25 years and positive family h/o of diabetes were found with high proportion of GDM. PIH, preeclampsia and recurrent infections are most common antenatal complication seen in GDM group. It can be concluded from this that universal screening should be done for early diagnosis of GDM so complication related to tit can be controlled and bad pregnancy outcomes may be prevented.Keywords: Gastational diabetes Ma…

Gynecological morbidity and co-morbidity in postmenopausal women: A descriptive study

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Abstract—Menopause is very crucial phase of woman’s life. There are many health problems that are associated with postmenopausal phase. So this present study was conducted on 215 postmenopausal women with the aim to find out gynecological problems associated with postmenopausal period. This study observed that 70.5% women experienced hot flushes and sweating, 65.5% had insomnia, 37.6% complained of headache. Decreased libido was observed in 80.9% women and 54.4% reported dyspareunia. 78.1% women complained of backache. Joint pain was complained by 52.5% of women. 32% women noted weight loss and 26.5% women complained of weight gain after menopause. Among gynecological problems Genital Prolapse was most common morbidity found in 45.1% of cases followed by Cancer cervix in 12.5%, Fibroid uterus in 9.3%, Senile vaginitis in 5.6%, Ovarian neoplasm in 4.1%, Cancer endometrium 1%, Pyometra in 0.9%, Carcinoma vagina 0.4% and Carcinoma vulva in 0.4% of menopausal women. Genital prolapse wa…

Thrombocytopenia burden and its associating Risk factors: A cross-sectional study at a tertiary care set up

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Abstract—Thrombocytopenia is a very common finding in the neonatal intensive care unit. This study was designed with aim to study the risk factors associated with neonatal thrombocytopenia. In this cross-sectional observational study, 263 newborns admitted in the NICU from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in the study. Proportion of thrombocytopenia was found along with its various neonatal and maternal risk factors associated. Chi-square test was used to find out association. Neonatal thrombocytopenia was found in 29% of neonates; 64 % had early onset and 36 % had late onset thrombocytopenia. Mild, moderate and severe thrombocytopenia was found in 49 %, 34 % and 17 % respectively. Thrombocytopenia was found to be associated with APH and PROM among maternal factors and with LBW, prematurity and birth asphyxia among neonatal factors.Keywords: Thrombocytopenia, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Asphyxia.Click here to Download Full PaperAD Publications is a rapidly growin…

Outcome analysis of Intra-articular distal end radius fracture treated with volar plating

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Abstract—Fractures of distal end radius are most common fractures of the upper limb. Various techniques have been described including closed reduction, percutaneous fixation and open reduction and fixation. This study was conducted to assess the functional and radiological outcomes of volar plate osteosynthesis to manage intra-articular distal end radius fracture. For this study, 30 patients with intraarticular distal end radius fractures involving radiocarpal joint operated with open reduction and internal fixation with the volar plate were taken. Minimum follow up 6 months were done. During the follow-up, radiological parameters were assessed in terms of radial length, radial inclination, radial (palmar) tilt, articular step-off, functional parameters were assessed in terms of range of motion i.e.dorsifleion, plantar flexion, pronation, supination radial and ulnar deviation and Gartland and Werley score. Mean age of patients was 46.8 years with male: female ratio 6:4. Mean radial he…

Hereditary Spherocytosis in a 17 year girl: A case report

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Abstract— Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a familial hemolytic disorder with marked heterogeneity of clinical features, ranging from an asymptomatic condition to a fulminate haemolytic anaemia. Although a positive family history of spherocytosis increases the risk for this disorder, it may be sporadic in some cases. Seventeen years old girl presented with mild anaemia, jaundice and moderate splenomegaly. Her haematological parameters supported diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis. Appropriate treatment was started with an advice to patient to undergo splenectomy as an active part of management of the disorder. Mother and other siblings were normal.Keywords: Anaemia, Jaundice, Splenomegaly, Hereditary, Spherocytosis.Click here to Download Full PaperAD Publications is a rapidly growing academic publisher in the fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research. AD Publications is a registered organization broad-based open access and publishes most e…

KIKUCHI-FUJIMOTO DISEASE (KFD): A Rare Case Report

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Abstract— Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a rare disease. It has a worldwide distribution with a higher prevalence in Asians. KFD is usually a self limiting disease and benign in nature. Clinically it presents as regional cervical lymphadenopathy and sometimes may presents as generalized lymphadenopathy as well. Night sweats and low grade fever may also be associated in some cases. A case of a 36 year old female had attended in SMS Hospital. She presented with fever, weight loss and tender cervical lymph nodes. Diagnostic significance of KFD lies in that it may mimic some of the common diagnosis like SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosis), Tuberculosis, lymphoma and rarely adenocarcinoma. Diagnosis is usually made by biopsy of lymph node which shows fragmentation, necrosis and karyorrhexis. On thorough investigation this case was found of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) which is a rare disease. So case presenting with fever, weight loss and tender cervical lymph nodes should also be inve…