Risk factor and outcome with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM): A Cross-sectional Analysis
Abstract—Gastational diabetes Mallitus (GDM) is a condition in pregnancy which may result bad maternal and neonatal outcomes. So this study was aimed to find out various risk factors associated with GDM. This study was conducted 500 females of 2nd and 3rd trimester pregnancy. They underwent GCT (Glucose Challenge Test) with 50 gm of glucose load which was followed by GTT (Glucose tolerance test) with 75 gm glucose recommended by WHO after 72 hrs of GCT irrespective of result of GCT. Out of 500 pregnant women 27(5.4%) women are diagnosed as GDM. In women with GDM gravida ≥3, age >25 years and positive family h/o of diabetes were found with high proportion of GDM. PIH, preeclampsia and recurrent infections are most common antenatal complication seen in GDM group. It can be concluded from this that universal screening should be done for early diagnosis of GDM so complication related to tit can be controlled and bad pregnancy outcomes may be prevented.
Keywords: Gastational diabetes Mallitus (GDM), Risk factors, Pregnancy outcomes.
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